The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change

The ocean covers 70 percent of Earth’s surface and acts as a vast storehouse for both carbon dioxide and heat, amongst providing other ecosystem services vital to humanity. Whilst climate change imperils marine life, the ocean is increasingly recognized as providing opportunities for solutions in the fight against climate change. This updated report lays out […]

Maldives Climate Action Plan for Tourism

This document sets forth a vision for a tourism industry in the Maldives that leads the world in climate change innovation by centering communities and regenerating nature. This vision was informed by research conducted over a year and key conversations with a wide range of stakeholders. Designed to align Goal 4 of the Maldives Fifth […]

Cruise Ship Travel and the Spread of COVID-19 – Australia as a Case Study

Introduction: Cruise ship linked COVID-19 outbreaks have been identified as a potential source of community transmission of COVID-19 in Australia and worldwide. The risk factors and potential mitigation around COVID-19 infections on cruise ships and communities is a research gap. Methods: A correlation and regression analyses for risk factors for COVID-19 attack rates oncruise ships worldwide with […]

Job Quality and Work Engagement in the Cruise Industry

This study reviews the working conditions in the emerging cruise industry by using a holistic and systematic approach, as well as the effects on work engagement of two groups of clearly differentiated employees, namely, officers and nonofficer employees. Our sample comprised 353 cruise workers. Regression analysis confirmed the research purposes of this study, that is, […]

Impact on Air Quality from Increasing Cruise Ship Activity in Copenhagen Port

The impact of the growing cruise ship industry on air quality levels was investigated at the port of Copenhagen, Denmark. In 2018, 345 cruise ships visited Copenhagen, emitting 291 tons of NOx near the city centre. A spatiotemporal cruise ship emission inventory was developed for 2018 based on port list information, engine data, main and auxiliary […]

Life Cycle Assessment from Food to Food: A Case Study of Circular Economy from Cruise Ships to Aquaculture

Industrial symbiosis principles, reprised in industrial ecology definition, are recently embraced by circular economy concept as the basis for characterization of cradle-to-cradle approach, with particular interest on global markets with growing environmental issues such as food sector. This paper investigates a potential innovative pattern of recycling food waste from cruise ships for use as feed in aquaculture, in terms […]

Estimating spatiotemporal distribution of wastewater generated by ships in coastal areas

With the increase of maritime traffic, the risk of wastewater generated by ships in coastal areas has raised much attention. The present study proposes a model to estimate wastewater’s high-resolution spatiotemporal distribution, including the greywater and sewage generated by ships in coastal areas. The shipping traffic characterization in this region is presented, and the spatiotemporal […]

Environmental Impacts of Cruise Ships on Island Nations

The economic benefit of the cruise industry on developing nations is important for these emerging economies. According to the Dominica Ministry of Tourism, global tourism is projected to grow 4.5 percent annually, and will generate 3.3 million jobs per year. In addition, Jack Holder has found that regionally, tourism accounts for a quarter of foreign […]